The author N .Sam Densingh Jayaraj known as Sam or Jayaraj in Shipping overseas and domestic markets respectively made his career in shipping after his college studies and Business Administration diploma, ventured into shipping started with operational work for most types of vessel such as coaster, tanker, bulker, cruise, container, General/heavy-lift/Project cargo, multi-purpose, Roll-on & Roll off ships etc., He served as operations/branch/assistant general manager positions in a few multinational shipping companies/lines and hence has vast experience in shipping . He is in daily touch with the shipping market and with the continuing responsibilities of a shipping agent .